THE BRANDEIS ACADEMIC DEBATE AND SPEECH SOCIETY CONSTITUTION
The Brandeis Academic Debate and Speech Society is an association of people with a common interest in a formal contest of wit, rhetoric, and public speaking. The purpose of the Society is two-fold. First, it seeks to provide an opportunity for its members to learn, develop, and practice these skills and techniques with other members of the Society, and compete within any debate league it chooses to participate. The Society is a member of, but is not limited to, the American Parliamentary Debate Association. In addition, it will organize and direct its own tournaments each year. Second, the Society seeks to stimulate discourse around important issues at Brandeis through public debates, moderated discussions, and other events.
I. BOARD POSITIONS
A. Executive Board
1. The Executive Board shall:
a. Select all participants at title tournaments (as defined by APDA).
b. Select a free seed when applicable.
c. Retain the power to create and dissolve committees.
d. Retain the power to enforce the judging requirement.
e. Promulgate rules proper to the administration of the team.
f. Allow non-members of the Executive Board to attend all open Executive Board meetings (at which team finances and/or title tournaments are not discussed).
g. Be transparent regarding their decisions at closed Executive Board meetings (at which team finances and/or title tournaments are discussed).
h. Hold at least one open Executive Board meeting per month. This requirement is waived for months in which there are two or more weeks of vacation. In a month in which this criterion is not met and no open E-Board meeting is held, the thirty minutes prior to the last regular meeting of that month shall default to being an open E-board meeting.
i. Attend semi-weekly team meetings and any Executive Board meetings in accordance with officer attendance policies.
j. Be available to members during the week.
k. Train their successors to ensure the smooth transfer of power within two weeks.
l. Be able to remove and replace a non- Executive Board officer with a 4/5ths vote.
m. Each team official shall write an end of term memo with information on ongoing team policies and position-specific advice to assist future team officials.
n. Disclose the current state of team finances, to the extent of the discretion of the Vice President of Finance, with a year to year comparison once per year before Elections
o. The Executive Board shall maintain a mission statement and list of best practices to be discussed at the first open Executive Board meeting after elections and decided upon by a 4/7 majority of the Board. Members of the society can submit a best practice at any time for consideration by the Board.
2. The President shall:
a. Plan, preside over, and facilitate semi-weekly meetings, using Robert’s Rules of Order when he or she deems necessary.
b. Supervise the organization of Society activities.
c. Serve as a liaison to the Brandeis Student Senate.
d. Serve as a liaison to the debate association(s).
e. Promote, defend and enforce the purpose, constitution and best interests of the Society.
f. Attend personally, or appoint a substitute to attend, all meetings at which the APDA body shall be determining tournament dates or electing national officers.
g. Oversee the positions of Vice President of Development, Vice President of Finance, Deputy Vice President of Finance, Secretary, Public Relations Director, Logistics Coordinator and Tournament Director. Oversee shall be defined as the President having the authority to do any of the jobs prescribed to any other officer (but not those of the entire E-Board) if he/she feels it is necessary and the remainder of the E-Board agrees or the officer consents.
h. Serve as liaison to Society alumni.
i. Complete allocation marathon request forms with the Vice President of Finance and attend assigned marathon session.
j. Attend allocation board meetings with the Vice President of Finance when additional funding is needed.
k. Oversee content of the semi-weekly e-mail to be written by the Secretary.
l. Recruit new members.
3. The Vice President of Development shall:
a. Preside over the semi-weekly meetings if the President is unable to fulfill his or her duties.
b. Head all committees or appoint an alternative head who will report to the executive board
c. Perform additional team duties as determined by the President.
d. Assume the role of President should a vacancy occur.
e. Attend APDA meetings when the President is unable to.
f. Organize programs related to the retention and training of novices, including but not limited to: a practice round schedule each week in which there is a regular tournament and oversight of the captains.
g. Liaise with club sports to procure vans for each tournament that requires.
h. Oversee the Society’s Equity Officers to ensure their accessibility and availability to members of the team.
i. Organize and facilitate social events at least every 5 weeks with the intent of promoting team cohesion, especially among novices.
4. The Secretary shall:
a. Create and send semi-weekly e-mail updates.
b. Assist the president with correspondence with other schools.
c. Set the agendas for team meetings and Executive Board meetings.
d. Take minutes at each Executive Board meeting.
e. Record attendance at team meetings and Executive Board meetings.
f. Assist the Vice President of Finance in acquiring invoices from tournaments.
g. Maintain the roster of active members and submit the list to the President prior to Elections.
h. Oversee the Society’s coaches and ensure each are meeting their contractual obligations.
5. The Vice President of Finance shall:
a. Serve as the financial liaison to the Student Senate.
b. Manage all of the Society’s finances.
c. Maintain accurate records of all allocated funds.
d. Maintain accurate records of fundraising funds, deposits, withdrawals, and balances.
e. Oversee the maintenance of receipts by the Vice President of Finance and ensure that members of the Society receive compensation for expenses.
f. Receive receipts from members and in return receive checks from the Brandeis Student Senate, then deliver the check to the party being reimbursed.
g. Organize fundraising activities.
h. Attend any mandatory Student Union finance meetings.
i. Account for team property.
j. Coordinate, in person or through the appointment of a designee, the team’s involvement with World Universities Debating Committee, including registration, purchase of flights, and the application process.
6. The Deputy Vice President of Finance shall:
a. Broadly assist the Vice President of Finance in all of their duties and equitably divide work related to the team’s finances.
b. Maintain receipts (originals or copies) from all purchases and reimbursements. If no receipt is available, then proof of purchase must be presented before reimbursing with Society funds (this applies only to the Brandeis Student Senate fundraising account as the Brandeis Student Senate allocations account requires a receipt).
c. Receive receipts from members and in return receive checks from the Brandeis Student Senate, then deliver the check to the party being reimbursed.
d. Complete allocation marathon request forms with the Vice President of Finance and attend assigned marathon session.
e. Attend allocation board meetings with the Vice President of Finance when additional funding is needed.
7. The Director of Public Relations shall:
a. Publicize events, meetings and achievements of members of the Society.
b. Send press releases to Brandeis campus media about important Society events and accomplishments.
c. Alert the Brandeis administration to team events and accomplishments.
d. When asked, assist the President in acting as a liaison to past members and team alumni.
e. Organize and facilitate campus events including, but not limited to, public debates.
8. The Logistics Coordinator shall:
a. Liaise with club sports to procure vans for each tournament that requires.
b. Complete pre-registration for the Society at tournaments in a timely fashion.
c. Arrange transportation to and from tournaments.
d. Ensure that the Athletics Department receives gas receipts and that members of the Society receive reimbursement.
B. Non-Executive Officers
1. The Tournament Director(s) shall:
a. Be elected in the following manner:
i. First, members will vote for their preferred candidate. The result of the first vote will be announced, and people will be able to resubmit their vote for the next candidate. This shall then be repeated for the final candidate. There shall be no more than three Tournament Directors.
b. Plan and facilitate the annual Brandeis APDA tournament.
c. Choose a theme for the tournament.
d. Appoint two Judging Directors, a Tab Director, a Housing Director, and a Specialty Foods Coordinator (these appointments can be overridden by a 5/7ths vote of the Executive Board).
i. The Judging Directors shall:
· Procure the necessary number of judges based on the expected attendance at the tournament.
· Conduct a calibration round and explain the adjudication process to all judges.
· Rank and assign judges to rounds according to calibration results
· Appoint two assistant judging directors to assist them.
ii. The Tab Director shall:
· Establish a tab policy.
· Obtain an appropriate mechanism for tabulating results.
· Run a test to calibrate the tabulation mechanism.
· Collaborate with the Tournament Director(s) to appoint an appropriate number of tab assistants (there should be at least one novice tab assistant).
· Oversee all aspects of tab during the tournament including entering results, pairing rounds correctly, and determining the break. They may adjust judge rankings only having discussed with the judging directors and with the permission of the tab observer as a last resort in
cases of sexism, racism, or other bias.
iii. The Housing Director shall:
· Locate students to host debaters from other schools during the tournament.
· Work with the Tournament Directors to assign housing to tournament participants from visiting schools.
iv. The Specialty Foods Coordinator shall:
· Record a list of all individuals with food allergies and other dietary restrictions.
· Take individuals to another location including, but not limited to, a Brandeis dining hall, if they cannot eat the food provided by the tournament.
· Aid the Tournament Directors in determining what food is offered at the tournament.
e. Arrange for a Friday night dinner, a Saturday morning breakfast, and a Saturday lunch banquet.
f. Plan and publicize the party.
g. Procure an appropriate amount of ballots and tab cards.
h. Purchase awards for top teams and speakers.
i. Determine a billing policy.
j. Delegate tasks to Society members to facilitate the smooth running of the tournament.
k. Draft the official invitation and post it on the APDA forum.
l. Conduct registration during the week prior to the tournament.
m. Conduct check-in on Friday afternoon of the tournament.
n. Attend or appoint a proxy to attend any and all APDA meetings in which the scheduling of the Brandeis tournament is known to be discussed.
2. The BP Tournament Director(s) shall:
a. Plan and facilitate the Brandeis BP debate tournament.
b. Be elected in the same manner as the APDA Tournament Directors.
c. Have all the same responsibilities and prerogative of the APDA Tournament Directors, not including duties applicable only to APDA tournaments. Additionally, they shall have the ability to select a Chief Adjudicator and one or more Deputy Chief Adjudicators if desired, who shall write motions and train and calibrate judges.
3. The High School Tournament Director(s) shall:
a. Plan and facilitate the Brandeis High School debate tournament.
b. Either be appointed by the High School tournament directors of the previous year or elected in the same manner as the APDA Tournament Directors.
c. Have all the same responsibilities and prerogative of the APDA and BP Tournament Directors, not including duties applicable only to those tournaments.
4. The Captain(s) shall:
a. Be elected in the same manner as Tournament Directors.
b. Act as a liaison between members and the coach.
c. Assist the coach in training, recruitment, morale, and other related duties.
d. Be chosen proportionally based on the number of people on the team. There shall be up to 1 captain elected for every 10 active members on the team.
e. Hold at least 1 "captain's corner" in a given month. These can be, but are not limited to, casing sessions or parlidebate rounds of the week. Captains may collaborate and work on the captain's corners together. Exceptions may include the first and last months of the semester and the 2 week period before and after a Brandeis-hosted tournament and before Nationals.
f. Pro-am once a term with a Brandeis novice.
g. Help facilitate pro-am partnerships for Brandeis novices.
h. Be part of at least three practice rounds with novices or help at least three novices with cases per month.
i. Be stripped of their role as captain if they fail to do three of the tasks listed in sub-sections e, f, and h unless that responsibility is waived by a 5/7ths vote of the Executive Board. If the captain's role is taken, the Executive Board would appoint a replacement.
a. Maintain the website.
b. Update the website with all tournament results.
c. Report to the Executive Board when necessary.
d. If the Webmaster does not perform website maintenance at least once per month, then the Executive Board shall appoint a new Webmaster at their discretion.
e. Maintain the Brandeis Vimeo account and other online social networking capabilities including, but not limited to the Brandeis Debate Team blog and Twitter account.
f. Coordinate and facilitate the recording of Brandeis Debate Team members' out-rounds.
5. The Team Historian Shall:
a. Maintain a backup copy of the team’s Constitution
b. Take photos of the team at tournaments for social media use
c. Keep records of team accomplishments including, but not limited to, awards, public debate statistics and community service projects
d. Collect, maintain, and pass down a record of news stories about the debate team
e. If no candidates seek the position, its responsibilities will be transferred to the webmaster for that term, followed by the Secretary if necessary.
II. NATURE OF TEAM MEETINGS
A. Novice members shall be taught the arts of rhetoric, public speaking, and argumentation, and shall develop their skills at these arts.
B. Varsity members shall improve their techniques, skills and styles.
C. Members shall develop, enhance, practice, and otherwise work on debate cases or prepared speeches.
D. Members shall prepare themselves for tournaments and assist others in their preparations.
E. Decisions shall be made regarding which tournaments to attend and which members may attend them, given:
1. The financial constraints of the Society.
2. The availability of transportation.
F. Social activities outside of debate shall be planned.
G. All formal complaints shall be handled, discussed, and resolved.
H. When the Executive Board wants the team to provide an official endorsement for a non-debate related cause, campus movement, or individuals running for an elected position in the Brandeis Student Union, the following procedures must be followed:
1. Team members need to be notified that an endorsement will be solicited at least 24 hours before the meeting occurs.
2. There must be quorum at the meeting and the body must must vote through a secret ballot by a 3/4 majority to grant an endorsement. Proxy votes shall be allowed although they may not count towards quorum.
A. A member’s status shall be determined by his or her activity in the current semester and the previous semester.
B. Active members shall meet the following requirements:
1. Attend at least 5 team meetings per semester.
2. Compete in or judge at least one entire non-Brandeis tournament after September.
3. Must be currently enrolled as an undergraduate student at Brandeis University.
C. Members who do not meet the requirements for active membership shall be deemed “inactive”, and shall be ineligible to vote and to attend title tournaments.
1. Exceptions shall be made for members who are off campus but still enrolled as undergraduate students at Brandeis University.
D. When attending tournaments at other schools, members shall respect the rules of the host school and shall wear appropriate attire.
A. Only active members may run for board positions.
B. Each candidate will have the opportunity to make a brief statement to the members prior to voting.
C. The voting shall be by means of secret ballot which will be processed by the presiding officer.
D. Each candidate shall choose one person to oversee the processing of ballots.
E. The official term of office shall be one year, though at Elections the team can vote for two members to split that one year term. If an officer(s) is unable to hold the position for the entire year, the President shall appoint an interim replacement until the next scheduled election.
F. Elections shall be held within the first two weeks of the spring semester of each academic year.
G. The election of executive and non-executive officers shall be in the following order; President, Vice President of Operations, Vice President of Finance, Deputy Vice President of Finance, Secretary, Public Relations Director, Logistics Coordinator, Webmaster, Historian and Captain.
1. The election of Tournament Directors will be held at the end of the Spring semester in an election to be held no later than four days before the start of finals. Tournament Directors for both the Brandeis IV and the APDA tournaments will both be selected at these elections.
i. All election rules, including quorum, are in place during Spring elections.
H. Oversight of the planning of Elections shall be done by the highest ranking Executive Board member not running for an Executive Board position.
I. All candidates for office shall have the opportunity to submit candidate statements of up to 500 words 48 hours before Elections. Any candidate statements submitted to the Presiding Officer by that time will be distributed to the team prior to the beginning of Elections.
J. Each person running for a position shall be allowed to submit to the Chief Elections Officer up to 3 candidate specific pre-written questions to be asked to other individuals running for the same spot.
K. In the presence of a tied vote, candidates for a runoff or final vote shall be determined at the discretion of the Chief Elections Officer.
A. A quorum must be present to hold a vote, and the President must count for a quorum before beginning elections.
1. A quorum consists of the majority of the officers and 51% of the active members.
B. All official team voting shall be done through secret ballot when at least one present active member of the team requests one. This includes, but is not limited to, amendment votes and elastic clause votes. Elections voting shall be done through secret ballot.
C. The presiding officer shall only vote in the occasion that a tie must be broken.
D. Only active members who have attended at least one meeting or tournament between November 15 and Elections may vote.
E. A proxy vote shall be a vote transferred from one active member to another who avows to represent the interest of the absent member. The President must be made aware of all proxies prior to Elections. No member may vote on behalf of more than two absent members by proxy in any election. Only those members actually present will count towards any quorum count.
F. If the presiding officer is informed that a quorum has ceased to be present during an election, he or she shall count for a quorum. If no quorum is present, the election is immediately postponed until the following meeting at which a quorum is present (even if that meeting is not within the first two weeks of the semester).
G. A member may serve in only one Executive Board position at a time.
H. In order to win an election, a candidate must earn a plurality of the vote.
I. In situations where a soft quorum is met, it shall be met when 51% of all active members who have debated or judged at 6 or more tournaments are present in addition to a majority of the E-Board.
J. If three or more candidates choose to run for any elected position, and no candidate secures a majority in the first round of voting, there shall be a second round of runoff voting between the two candidates who received the most votes in the first round. This clause does not apply to the positions of Tournament Director and Captain.
A. The Executive Board shall appoint a coach as they deem necessary, and negotiate to determine his or her salary on behalf of the Society.
B. The Coach shall:
1. Assist the Executive Board in training new members.
2. Assist members with style, technique, and improving their skills.
3. Assist the responsible individuals in training judges.
C. At a meeting where soft quorum is met, the team shall be able to fire a coach, when permissible under their contract, with support of 2/3 of those present.
VII. TOURNAMENT ATTENDANCE POLICIES
A. The E-Board shall have the discretion to require members who have debated with hybrid partners more than 6 times to take a partner from Brandeis, unless no partner from the Society is available at the time pre-registration is due, with a 5/7 vote. The E-Board shall have the discretion to require hybrid teams to take Brandeis protection with a 5/7 vote.
B. In the case of application-based tournaments, the E-board must convene a committee of qualified, nonpartisan stakeholders to determine which debaters will be selected.
C. In time sensitive instances when it is necessary for the E-Board to decide themselves, preference shall be given to novice debaters. Varsity debaters will be considered based upon a consideration of their competitive success, the number of times those debaters have judged, the diversity of the individuals, and other metrics which the E-Board deems relevant. In all cases where possible, the E-board will hold an open meeting to discuss criteria to be used in selection. The E-Board shall have the ability to choose to break up hybrid teams before using other metrics.
D. A tournament shall be defined as an officially sanctioned APDA tournament or a tournament sanctioned by another league as determined by the Executive Board.
E. In order to compete at any tournament that requires applications, including APDA Nationals, a varsity member must judge at least at a tournament excluding tournaments Brandeis hosts OR proam at a tournament excluding officially designated proams tournaments two times. This requirement must be completed within the academic year of the title tournament in question or in which the application is due. If the tournament lies between academic years or within in the first month of a new year, this obligation may be completed the previous semester. The e-board should alert members registered for title tournaments that have not completed this requirement within three weeks of the tournament in order to give ample time to judge/compete. This requirement can only be overridden by a unanimous vote of the eboard.
VIII. FINANCIAL POLICIES
A. All money raised through fundraising shall be kept within the Brandeis Student Union fundraising account.
B. No outside bank account shall be established.
C. All money allocated to the Society shall be kept within the Brandeis Student Union allocations account.
D. To be reimbursed for expenses related to the Society, a member must present a receipt to the Vice President of Finance.
E. The Society shall pay for tournament registration fees and other fees associated with transportation to tournaments, specifically rental cars, rental car insurance, and gas, provided that:
1. More than one member of the Society is in the car.
2. More than one member of the Society is attending the tournament.
3. The expenditure was properly financed.
F. The Society shall not be financially responsible for speeding, parking, or other traffic violation tickets.
G. The Society shall not reimburse members for meals or other personal expenses.
H. Members shall not incur debt in the name of the Society nor expect personal reimbursement unless specifically authorized by an Executive Board officer or a Tournament Director.
I. Team Reimbursements
1. The Vice President of Finance will oversee all team reimbursements.
2. The Society will fully reimburse all eligible expenses relating to:
c. Legal parking
3. Eligible expenses are expenses which were accrued in the process of attending a tournament in which a member of the Society drove to the tournament.
4. All requests for reimbursement must be submitted to the Vice President of Finance within one month of the date that the expense was incurred.
IX. FACULTY ADVISOR
A. Assists the Society in executing its goals.
B. Serves as an objective mediator should a dispute arise.
C. The Society does not need to have a Faculty Advisor.
- Committee proposals must be submitted to the Executive Board with a mission statement and plan of action. A 4/7 majority of Executive Board members or a simple majority of a soft quorum may approve a committee.
- Committees must have applications to determine membership. Application decisions may be reviewed at the Executive Board’s discretion.
- Committees shall make an announcement at a team meeting at least once per month describing their progress.
- Committees shall meet at least once per month.
- Committee chairs can be removed at the discretion of a 5/7 majority of the Executive Board.
XI. TEAM CASE FOLDER
A. All members of the team shall be encouraged upon graduation to:
i. Place all cases into a case folder that the President has access to.
ii. Allocate cases to team members in any way they see fit
B. Cases within the folder will be for the use and distribution of the person to whom they were gifted and notated with that information. If the owner graduates without gifting the case, it will become available to the entire team unless otherwise specified.
XII. AMENDMENT PROCEDURES
A. The E-board is required to convene a Constitutional Convention in order to consider amendments within the first couple weeks of classes in January, prior to the Elections.
i. All rules and conventions regarding January elections that do not specifically apply to the election of candidates will also apply to the Convention.
ii. All amendments submitted at elections in January must be related to the election of candidates.
B. A member may submit a written amendment to the Society Constitution at any meeting with soft quorum which the E-board deems a Constitutional Convention in advance.
C. The presiding officer shall recognize any amendment(s) at the meeting.
D. The present members shall then debate any amendment(s) according to Robert’s Rules of Order.
E. An amendment must be passed by a 2/3 vote of the active members present.
F. All amendments must be submitted to the Secretary at least one week before elections. Amendments submitted after the deadline will not be voted on in the upcoming elections. After the period for submitting amendments ends, the Secretary will post all amendments publicly for comment.. Authors may continue to submit edits to their amendment before elections, but the Secretary shall reserve the right to refuse any new drafts that are radically different than its original intent. All amendments to the constitution which do not change debate team procedures or powers (i.e. changes to grammar or punctuation) are exempt from this provision.
G. When 2/3 of active members petition the presiding officer to do so, the presiding officer shall be required to hold a constitutional amendment convention within 14 academic days (not including finals).
H. A soft quorum shall be required to amend the constitution.
I. In the event that prior passed amendments are lost, the original intent of the amendments will be honored and maintained in the Constitution. The team will have the opportunity to amend the language of the amendment with a majority vote at a meeting with quorum so long as changes don’t interfere with the original intent of the amendment as defined by the presiding officer at least 48 hours prior to the meeting. This amendment is retroactive to all amendments passed within the last year.
1. Active members can sign a petition to dispute the presiding officer’s interpretation.
XIII. REMOVAL OF AN OFFICER OR MEMBER
A. The Executive Board can unanimously vote to temporarily suspend a member from attending official team events and receiving funding and transportation for tournaments following inappropriate action(s), but they must present the case to the Union Judiciary to make it permanent. Temporary suspension may last no longer than one month without proceeding to the Union Judiciary or the appropriate Brandeis actor.
B. Executive Board officers may miss up to five team meetings per semester during their term of office. If an officer misses more than five meetings he or she shall be removed from office unless the absence is excused by 4/7 of the Executive Board.
C. 3/4ths of active members shall be allowed to trigger a recall election of a member of the Executive Board by submitting a petition to a member of the Executive Board. This will result in a process following the same conventions of normal election proceedings to be held within one month of the initial request.
A. If a problem should arise among the members of the Society, members have the right to file a formal written complaint containing:
1. The nature of the complaint.
2. Details of the incident or complaint.
3. Recommended action for the Society to take to resolve the complaint.
B. Formal complaints must be recognized by the presiding officer.
C. Formal complaints must be then read by the Executive Board.
D. The members against whom the complaint is filed must receive a copy of the complaint and must respond in a formal, written fashion prior to the next meeting.
E. Complaints will be addressed by the Union Judiciary.
XV. CONSTITUTIONAL INTERPRETATION
- The Executive Board may solicit opinions from the alumni over the intent and meaning of sections of the constitution.
- At any point, active members may sign a petition to dispute the E-board’s interpretation of the Constitution. If such a petition is presented to the President, the Executive Board shall be required to make the best effort to get the original intent of the drafters of the section[s].
XVI. ELASTIC CLAUSE
The executive board will be explicitly bound to the text of this constitution unless any one of the following three conditions are met:
- they are explicitly granted the authority to override the constitution in its text.
- There is not sufficient time to convene a team meeting prior to a deadline, in which case the executive board must convene an open eboard meeting as soon as possible to report on the decision they made.
- The eboard is deciding on a matter that they believe requires discretion, including but not limited to team finances.
- When a soft quorum is met, a number equivalent or greater to n-1 members present at a meeting may vote to override (but not amend) this constitution.
- It is expected that, in cases of personal conflict, members of eboard will recuse themselves from discussions of overriding the constitution.
XVII. STATEMENT OF NON-EXCLUSIVITY
A. Membership of the Brandeis Academic Debate and Speech Society shall be open to the entire Brandeis community.
XVIII. ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION
A. The Constitution of the Brandeis Academic Debate and Speech Society shall be adopted by a 2/3 vote of active members present.
B. Members may submit written pro and con statements about the adoption of the Constitution.
C. The Constitution shall be adopted after discussion at a meeting run according to Robert’s Rules of Order.
XIX. SIGNING OF THE CONSTITUTION
A. Co-Presidents Susan J. Hendrick and Lauren P. Soroken, Secretary Tamar Feierstein, Treasurer Daniel A. Feinberg, and Historian Josh Israel signed -- November 20-22, 1995.
B. This Constitution was unanimously ratified on November 8, 1995. Also present were members Lisa Dickstein, Nathaniel Goldberg, Matt Zik, Lisette Lema, and Jeremy Greenberg.
C. Substantial amendments were enacted in January 1997 at a meeting presided over by Josh Israel, and in December 1997 at a meeting presided over by Jeremy Greenberg.
D. Several amendments were enacted in January 2010 (but passed at a meeting sometime between 2004 and 2006 and recorded at that time by Adam Nir).
E. Substantial amendments were enacted in February 2010 at a meeting presided over by Andrew Husick. The amendments were crafted by Andrew Husick, Shira Straus, Liz Crane, Evan Green-Lowe, Rich Weisbach, Alex Self, Brendan Fradkin, Brian Calvert, and Anna-Lisa Macon.
F. Three amendments were amended or enacted in January 2011 at a meeting presided over by Brendan Fradkin. The amendments were drafted by Rich Weisbach and edited by Brendan Fradkin, Liz Crane, Alex Self, Kim Bouchard-Chaimowiz, Andrew Husick, Michael Perloff, Keith Barry, Brian Calvert, Rena Singer, Emilie Hirschhorn, Kelly Miao, Shira Almeleh, Lex Kadete, Josh Kelly, Andi Mucasey, and Russell Leibowitz.
G. Substantial amendments were enacted in January 2013 at a meeting presided over by Russell Leibowitz. The amendments were drafted by David Altman, Elijah Cho, Russell Leibowitz, and Jess Maskin and were ratified by those in attendance.
H. Substantial amendments were enacted in April 2013 at a meeting presided over by David Altman. The amendments were drafted by Russell Leibowitz, Paige Lurie, and Rich Weisbach and were ratified by those in attendance.
I. Substantial amendments were enacted in January 2014 at a meeting presided over by David Altman. The amendments were drafted by Russell Leibowitz.
J. Substantial amendments were enacted in January 2018 at a meeting presided over by Sagie Tvizer. The amendments were drafted by various team members.